Thoughts on FDG20

It’s quite painful now to look back on my post from February, excitedly (and, in retrospect, naively) talking about the amazing conferences and related travelling I’d be doing this summer. All three of those opportunities were thwarted in some way by COVID-19. DiGRA was cancelled, with only the proceedings going ahead (you can find my paper here), while FDG and History of Games were taken online. It was saddening to attend FDG this year knowing that, if not for COVID, I’d have been in Malta at that moment, rather than in my living room.

But, COVID-wise, I can’t be too sad. Being able to keep a stable job which I am able to do from home, and therefore a consistent income, I of course realise that the vast majority had and have it worse. Still, allow me my mild frustration.

Nonetheless, the FDG organisers did their level best to make a virtual conference work, and I think most attendees really appreciated the work they did and the solutions they came up with.

So in this post, I want to briefly reflect on FDG20. So this is part feedback, part idle speculation, part self-reflection on my own experience. Of course, take these notes with my perspective in mind: I’m a junior scholar, just over a year into my PhD, working within the humanities, and having only attended three meatspace conferences.

You can find the short paper and accompanying prerecorded video presentation I gave here.

Conference structure

Thankfully, the organisers were well aware that sitting on Zoom for hours is very different to attending panels in person for hours. Shorter talks, shorter panels, shorter days was the name of the game. This meant more days overall, but no long slogs.

For short papers like mine, this meant 10 minutes total for presentations (14 for full papers), including setup and questions. That is really not a lot of time, and meant that discussions didn’t really happen in the Q&A. However, the attempted mitigation for this was the Discord channel, with separate channels for each track. Despite the switch of platforms (which usually, in my experience, causes confusion and means one platform is simply neglected), this worked quite well, and allowed for a text Q&A to continue for as long after as people wanted, while simultaneously attending other talks. This worked as a nice substitute for the coffee break mingling between panels, albeit lacking the more casual, social element of those in-person breaks.

To prerecord or not to prerecord

In the feedback I’ve read, many said that the prerecorded talks did not work as well as the live ones.

Prerecorded talks have a few obvious advantages: they can be precisely-timed (mine was exactly 8 minutes, for instance), and eliminate or mitigate many of the usual potential errors, such as technical hitches, poor internet (provided the chair streams your video, or has the file in case they need to) and unexpected children, pets, guests, deliveries, emergencies, and so on. They can then also be immediately put up online elsewhere and shared with others who didn’t attend the conference.

But the experience of many prerecorded talks was, frankly, not great. A voiceover over slides–the predominant style of these prerecorded talks–was deemed by many attendees as just not very engaging. To read engagingly from a script is a different skill from presenting using only notes, for example, and without a live audience. Many don’t have these skills for very understandable reasons: it’s not something they’ve had to do before, they might be speaking in a second (or third, or fourth…) language, and they may not have the time needed to practice.

I think that this style of prerecorded talk–barebones: voiceover over slides–should primarily be used as a backup, and not as a primary option.

I do think that prerecorded talks can be done in a way that is as engaging, if not more, than live online talks. The key is to make use of the medium. To toot my own horn here, my prerecorded talk was received well (from the feedback I’ve gotten so far–if you disagree, I’d love to hear constructive criticism!). I edited in gameplay footage, text, quotes and images to illustrate my points, and made the video and sound quality as good as I could with my skills, environment and budget.

But behind that was a much greater time commitment and a much steeper learning curve. I drew on the methods I’d been using for teaching my first class, for which myself and the course manager have been dabbling with this kind of edited prerecorded videoessay, so I had a lot of the experience and learning banked already. All-in, this 8-minute video took most of a Saturday to complete: a couple of hours to write the script, about an hour to set up and record (using my phone on a small tripod as the camera and a RĂ˜DE NT-USB microphone), and then another maybe four to six hours to edit (using Adobe Premiere and After Effects, free via my university). Of course, I was fortunate to have this time to spare; many colleagues do not. That said, once you have the process down, it gets much quicker, and for me the payoff is big.

One thing I would urge all colleagues to do, regardless of whether your talk is live or prerecorded, is to buy a decent mic. One of the most grating things about using Zoom for long periods of time is listening to people using built-in mics, AirPods or cheap headsets. This sounds snobby perhaps, but I really think it’s important. For around 100 euros, you can get a very nice mic that everyone who listens to you online will be grateful for. For, say, 20 to 50 euros, you can get a headset that is still a world better than a built-in mic.

I obviously do not take issue with people who cannot afford that–it does not need to be 100% of participants to make for a much nicer overall experience. But particularly if you’re a more senior scholar with a decent salary, a personal research/teaching budget, or both, I don’t think there’s much excuse to be using a built-in laptop mic. It may also be possible to borrow one from your university (assuming you’re affiliated with one). They are not difficult to set up and use, either. My mic (and many of them these days) is simple USB, plug-and-play.

Conference socialising and networking

Unfortunately, this aspect of conferences seems the most difficult to replace. Perhaps impossible. The coffee breaks, lunches with new people, walking to panels, organised social events, spontaneous bar visits, etc., etc.

FDG attempted to fill this gap with Discord as a hub for panel discussion, general chitchat, game sessions, virtual RPGs, and so on. They also tried a casual talk-/panel-show stream, FDG-TV. From what I’ve seen of these shows, it was brilliantly done, nicely produced, and well-hosted. My issue was that after a day of watching Zoom talks, I didn’t particularly fancy winding down by watching another couple of hours on YouTube. This doesn’t seem like a solvable problem–after all, it is a virtual conference–and I may well be in the minority. It definitely made the conference feel more alive, even if I didn’t participate all that much, so that’s to be commended.

While I may be proven wrong, this for me is the central reason for why in-person conferences are indispensable. Virtual panels, tracks and events absolutely have their place–and I hope in this period we can continue to experiment with the best ways to do these things–but they cannot supplant the value of face-to-face interaction, socialising and networking.

We probably knew that already, to be fair, but conferences like FDG show that online conferences can have many benefits, and can be done well. The much-reduced price and no need to travel, for instance, is a benefit that should be preserved as much as possible via online tracks, for instance, to help with including scholars with little or no institutional support, less wealth and resources, from countries that are further away from most conferences, and/or with other commitments like childcare that make the usual conference scene less accessible.

As we hopefully emerge from the pandemic, I would hope to see conferences not just go back to ‘normal’, but to take these lessons forward, experimenting with added online features and hybrid formats.

Dom Ford
Dom Ford
PhD Fellow

I’m particularly interested in myth, monsters, spatiality and the representation and depiction of history and the past (both real and fictional histories) in digital games.

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